February 27, 2024

An instrument is a device or tool used to create or produce music. It can be anything from a guitar or piano to a flute or drum. The term “instrument” is often used to refer to a wide range of musical tools, but what exactly makes something an instrument? In this article, we will explore the world of musical instruments and what defines them. From their physical characteristics to their cultural significance, we will delve into the fascinating world of musical tools and what makes them so special. Whether you’re a seasoned musician or just starting out, this article will provide you with a deeper understanding of the instruments that bring music to life. So, let’s dive in and discover what makes an instrument truly special.

The Definition of an Instrument

Musical vs. Non-Musical Instruments

When discussing instruments, it is important to distinguish between musical and non-musical instruments. Musical instruments are designed and used specifically for creating music, while non-musical instruments are tools that may produce sound but are not primarily intended for musical purposes.

Musical instruments can be further categorized into several groups based on their physical characteristics, such as stringed instruments, percussion instruments, woodwind instruments, and brass instruments. Each group has its own unique characteristics and is used to produce different sounds. For example, stringed instruments like the violin and guitar use strings to produce sound, while percussion instruments like the drum and cymbal produce sound through striking or scraping.

Non-musical instruments, on the other hand, are tools that may produce sound but are not primarily intended for musical purposes. Examples of non-musical instruments include hammers, saws, and drills. While these tools may produce sound, they are not designed to create music or produce specific musical notes or tones.

It is important to note that the distinction between musical and non-musical instruments is not always clear-cut. Some tools, such as the human voice, can be considered both a musical and non-musical instrument depending on the context in which they are used. Similarly, electronic devices like synthesizers and samplers can produce musical sounds but are not typically considered traditional musical instruments.

In summary, while musical instruments are designed specifically for creating music, non-musical instruments are tools that may produce sound but are not primarily intended for musical purposes. Understanding the differences between these two types of instruments can help us appreciate the unique characteristics and functions of each.

Instruments vs. Accessories

An instrument can be defined as a device or tool used to produce music. It is an object that, when played, generates a sound that can be heard by the human ear. However, the line between instruments and accessories can sometimes be blurred. Accessories, on the other hand, are items that are used to enhance or modify the sound produced by an instrument. In this section, we will explore the differences between instruments and accessories in the world of musical tools.


Instruments:

An instrument is a tool that is designed to produce music. It can be classified into several categories, such as stringed instruments, percussion instruments, woodwind instruments, and brass instruments. Examples of instruments include the guitar, piano, violin, drum set, saxophone, and trumpet.

Accessories:

Accessories are items that are used to enhance or modify the sound produced by an instrument. They can be used to change the timbre, volume, or tone of an instrument. Examples of accessories include picks, tuners, capos, drumsticks, and amplifiers.

Differences between Instruments and Accessories:

The main difference between instruments and accessories is their primary function. Instruments are designed to produce music, while accessories are designed to modify or enhance the sound produced by an instrument. Another difference is that instruments are typically more expensive than accessories. For example, a high-quality guitar can cost thousands of dollars, while a tuner or pick can be purchased for a much lower price.

Additionally, instruments are typically played directly by the musician, while accessories are often used in conjunction with the instrument. For example, a guitarist may use a pick to play the guitar, but the pick itself is an accessory rather than an instrument.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, while the lines between instruments and accessories can sometimes be blurred, there are clear differences between the two. Instruments are designed to produce music, while accessories are designed to modify or enhance the sound produced by an instrument. Understanding these differences can help musicians make informed decisions when selecting tools to use in their musical endeavors.

The Classification of Instruments

Key takeaway: Understanding the differences between instruments and accessories can help musicians make informed decisions when selecting tools to use in their musical endeavors.

Acoustic vs. Electronic Instruments

Acoustic instruments are those that produce sound through the vibration of their physical components, such as strings, wood, or metal. These instruments rely on the physics of sound to create their unique timbres and tones. Examples of acoustic instruments include the guitar, piano, violin, and drum set.

On the other hand, electronic instruments generate sound through the manipulation of electronic signals. These instruments use circuits, processors, and other electronic components to create sound. Examples of electronic instruments include synthesizers, digital pianos, and electric guitars.

One of the main differences between acoustic and electronic instruments is the way they produce sound. Acoustic instruments produce sound through the physical vibration of their components, while electronic instruments produce sound through the manipulation of electronic signals. This difference affects the timbre and tone of the instrument, as well as the way it is played and controlled.

Another difference between acoustic and electronic instruments is the level of versatility they offer. Electronic instruments can be easily modified and manipulated to create a wide range of sounds, while acoustic instruments are limited to the sounds they can produce through their physical components. However, some acoustic instruments, such as the guitar, can be modified with pickups and other devices to create electronic sounds.

Overall, the choice between acoustic and electronic instruments depends on the desired sound and the player’s personal preference. Both types of instruments have their own unique qualities and can be used to create a wide range of musical styles.

Common vs. Specialized Instruments

When it comes to musical instruments, one of the first distinctions that can be made is between common and specialized instruments.

Common instruments are those that are widely used and recognized across different cultures and genres of music. These instruments are often found in traditional or classical music ensembles and are commonly taught in music schools and conservatories. Examples of common instruments include the piano, violin, guitar, and drums.

On the other hand, specialized instruments are those that are used primarily in specific genres of music or cultural traditions. These instruments may be less well-known or less commonly used outside of their particular context. Examples of specialized instruments include the sitar in Indian classical music, the koto in Japanese music, and the balalaika in Russian music.

While common instruments are often versatile and can be used in a variety of musical contexts, specialized instruments are typically designed for a specific purpose or sound. This means that specialized instruments often require a higher level of skill and expertise to play, as the player must have a deep understanding of the instrument’s unique characteristics and how to produce the desired sound.

Despite the challenges posed by specialized instruments, they can also offer unique opportunities for musical expression and exploration. By learning to play a specialized instrument, musicians can expand their musical horizons and discover new sounds and techniques that they may not have encountered before.

The History of Musical Instruments

Ancient Instruments

The history of musical instruments is a long and fascinating one, dating back thousands of years to ancient civilizations. Many of these ancient instruments were made from basic materials such as wood, bone, and metal, and were often used in religious or ceremonial contexts. Some of the most well-known ancient instruments include:

  • The Lyre: This stringed instrument was popular in ancient Greece and was often played during religious ceremonies and celebrations. It was made from a soundbox and two arms, with strings stretched between the soundbox and the arms.
  • The Harp: The harp is one of the oldest known stringed instruments, with evidence of its existence dating back over 5,000 years. Ancient harps were often much smaller than modern ones, and were made from wood or bone.
  • The Sitar: The sitar is a stringed instrument that originated in ancient India, and is still played today in classical Indian music. It has a long neck and a resonator, and is played with a plectrum or the fingers.
  • The Drum: Drums have been used in many ancient cultures as a means of communication and entertainment. They were often made from hollowed-out logs or clay, and were played with the hands or sticks.

These ancient instruments may seem primitive by modern standards, but they were highly valued by the cultures that created them. They were often intricately decorated and had great cultural significance, and continue to be revered and played today.

Evolution of Instruments

The evolution of musical instruments can be traced back to ancient civilizations, where simple instruments were used for rituals and entertainment. Over time, instruments evolved to become more complex and sophisticated, reflecting the cultural and technological advancements of their respective societies.

One of the earliest known musical instruments is the Lyre, a stringed instrument that was used in ancient Mesopotamia and Greece. The lyre consisted of a soundbox, two arms, and a crossbar, with strings stretched between the crossbar and the soundbox. It was played by plucking or strumming the strings with the fingers or a plectrum.

In ancient Egypt, musicians used the Fife, a small flute-like instrument, to accompany military parades and religious ceremonies. The fife was made from a hollow reed or bone, and the musician would blow air into it to produce sound.

As civilizations grew and technology advanced, instruments became more sophisticated. The Harp is an example of an instrument that underwent significant evolution over time. Early harps were simple frames with strings stretched between them, but later harps featured complex mechanisms that allowed for chromatic playing, making it possible to play a wide range of notes.

The invention of the Piano in the 18th century revolutionized the world of music. The piano was the first instrument to allow for dynamic expression, with keys of different weights and lengths that could be struck with varying force to produce a range of tonal colors. This innovation made it possible for composers to write more expressive and nuanced music.

Today, musical instruments continue to evolve and adapt to changing styles and technologies. Electronic instruments, such as synthesizers and samplers, have been developed that can imitate and manipulate traditional instruments or create entirely new sounds. The evolution of musical instruments is a testament to the human desire to create and express through sound.

Modern Instruments

The modern era of musical instruments has been shaped by advancements in technology and innovative design. From the electric guitar to the synthesizer, these instruments have expanded the possibilities of music creation and performance.

Electric Guitars

The electric guitar is one of the most popular modern instruments, having been invented in the 1930s. It uses pickups to convert the vibrations of the strings into electrical signals, which are then amplified through a speaker. This invention revolutionized the sound of popular music and led to the development of various genres such as rock, blues, and jazz.

Synthesizers

The synthesizer is another important modern instrument that was first developed in the 1960s. It uses electronic circuits to generate a wide range of sounds, from emulating traditional instruments to creating entirely new timbres. The synthesizer has been used in various genres of music, including pop, electronic, and experimental.

Digital Instruments

Digital instruments, such as digital pianos and MIDI controllers, have also become popular in modern times. These instruments use digital technology to create sounds and can be used to control software synthesizers and other digital audio workstations.

Electric Bass

The electric bass is another instrument that has become a staple in modern music. It was first introduced in the 1950s and has since become a fundamental part of various genres, including rock, funk, and jazz.

Overall, modern instruments have greatly expanded the possibilities of music creation and performance, allowing musicians to explore new sounds and techniques.

The Importance of Instruments in Music

The Role of Instruments in Performance

In music, instruments play a crucial role in the overall performance of a piece. They serve as the medium through which musicians express their artistry and bring a composition to life. Each instrument has its own unique sound and timbre, which contributes to the overall texture and character of a piece.

The role of instruments in performance can be broken down into several key aspects:

  1. Melody: Instruments are used to create and accompany melodies, which are the primary themes or lines of music. Different instruments are suited to playing different types of melodies, such as a violin for a soaring, high-pitched melody or a cello for a rich, low-pitched melody.
  2. Harmony: Instruments also play a vital role in creating harmonies, which are the combinations of different pitches that create a rich, pleasing sound. Instruments like pianos, guitars, and synthesizers are often used to create complex harmonies that support and enhance the melody.
  3. Rhythm: Instruments are used to establish and maintain the rhythm of a piece, which is the underlying pulse or beat that drives the music forward. Drums, percussion, and other instruments with a strong rhythmic drive are essential to creating a sense of momentum and energy in a performance.
  4. Texture: Instruments also contribute to the overall texture of a piece, which refers to the layering of different sounds and timbres. A skilled musician can use a variety of instruments to create a rich, complex texture that adds depth and interest to a composition.

Overall, the role of instruments in performance is critical to the success of a musical piece. They provide the means by which musicians can express themselves and bring a composition to life, and their unique sounds and timbres contribute to the overall character and texture of a piece.

The Role of Instruments in Composition

In music, instruments play a crucial role in composition, as they are the tools that musicians use to create and perform music. Instruments provide a wide range of timbres, dynamics, and textures, enabling composers to express their creativity and convey emotions through their music. Additionally, instruments can be used to create complex harmonies and rhythms, which are essential elements of many musical styles.

Furthermore, the choice of instruments in a composition can greatly influence the overall sound and character of the piece. For example, a string quartet composed for two violins, viola, and cello will have a different timbre and texture than a piece composed for a brass band with trumpets, trombones, and tubas. This diversity of instruments allows composers to explore different sonic possibilities and create unique musical experiences for their audience.

In addition to their role in creating musical pieces, instruments also play a significant role in the performance of music. Different instruments have different ranges, tonal qualities, and technical demands, which require different skills and techniques from the performer. Therefore, the choice of instruments in a composition can greatly affect the difficulty and complexity of the piece, as well as the level of skill required from the performer.

Overall, the role of instruments in composition is essential to the creation and performance of music. Instruments provide composers with a wide range of timbres, dynamics, and textures, enabling them to express their creativity and convey emotions through their music. Additionally, the choice of instruments can greatly influence the overall sound and character of a piece, as well as the difficulty and complexity of the piece for the performer.

The Role of Instruments in Culture

Instruments have played a crucial role in shaping human culture and society throughout history. From ancient civilizations to modern times, instruments have been used as tools for communication, entertainment, and even spiritual expression.

In many cultures, music is deeply intertwined with religion and spirituality. Instruments are often used in religious ceremonies and rituals, with specific instruments holding symbolic significance. For example, in Hinduism, the sitar is used to accompany devotional songs and is believed to have mystical powers. Similarly, in Christianity, the organ is often used to accompany hymns and is seen as a symbol of the divine.

In addition to their religious significance, instruments have also played a crucial role in preserving cultural traditions. Many traditional musical instruments are associated with specific regions or ethnic groups, and their use helps to maintain a sense of cultural identity. For example, the koto is a traditional Japanese stringed instrument that is used in traditional folk music and is considered a symbol of Japanese culture.

Furthermore, instruments have also played a significant role in the development of art and aesthetics. Many famous works of art, such as paintings and sculptures, have been inspired by musical instruments and their unique sounds. The shapes, colors, and textures of instruments have been used as inspiration for artistic expressions for centuries.

Overall, the role of instruments in culture cannot be overstated. They have been used as tools for communication, entertainment, and spiritual expression, and have played a crucial role in preserving cultural traditions and inspiring artistic expression.

The Future of Musical Instruments

Technological Advancements

Emerging Technologies

A plethora of emerging technologies is transforming the world of musical instruments, creating new possibilities for sound creation and manipulation. From digital interfaces to artificial intelligence, these advancements are expanding the horizons of what is considered a traditional instrument.

Digital Instruments

Digital instruments are a prominent example of how technology is shaping the future of music. These electronic devices utilize digital signal processing (DSP) algorithms to generate sounds, often incorporating features such as granular synthesis, wavetable synthesis, and frequency modulation. They provide a versatile platform for musicians to explore a vast array of timbres and textures, opening up new avenues for musical expression.

AI-Powered Instruments

Artificial intelligence (AI) is increasingly being integrated into musical instruments, offering innovative ways for musicians to interact with their tools. AI-powered instruments can learn a musician’s playing style and adapt to their preferences, providing personalized feedback and suggestions for improvement. Additionally, AI algorithms can be used to analyze and mimic the playing style of virtuosos, allowing musicians to access a wider range of techniques and expressive possibilities.

Virtual Instruments

Virtual instruments are digital representations of acoustic instruments, allowing musicians to produce realistic sounds without the need for physical instruments. They utilize samples of acoustic instruments, which are then processed and manipulated using DSP algorithms to create authentic sounds. Virtual instruments can also incorporate features such as granular synthesis and spectral processing, enabling musicians to explore new sonic territories.

Connectivity and Collaboration

Advancements in technology are also facilitating new forms of collaboration and connectivity among musicians. The internet has enabled musicians from around the world to connect and collaborate on projects, regardless of their physical location. Digital audio workstations (DAWs) and cloud-based platforms provide musicians with the tools to share and collaborate on music projects in real-time, breaking down geographical barriers and fostering a global community of artists.

The Impact on Music Education

These technological advancements are also having a profound impact on music education. Digital instruments and virtual instruments provide a cost-effective and accessible alternative to traditional instruments, enabling students to explore music production and composition from an early age. Additionally, AI-powered instruments offer innovative pedagogical tools, providing personalized feedback and support to musicians of all skill levels.

Overall, the future of musical instruments is one of boundless possibility, as technology continues to reshape the landscape of music-making. From digital interfaces to AI-powered instruments, the opportunities for musical expression are limitless, opening up new avenues for artistic exploration and creativity.

Environmental Impact

The environmental impact of musical instruments is a topic that is gaining increasing attention in recent years. With growing concerns about climate change and the need to reduce our carbon footprint, it is important to consider the environmental impact of the products we use, including musical instruments.

One of the main environmental concerns associated with musical instruments is the use of materials. Many traditional instruments are made from wood, which is a non-renewable resource that takes many years to grow. The harvesting of wood also has a negative impact on the environment, as it can lead to deforestation and habitat destruction.

Another environmental concern is the use of chemicals in the manufacturing process. Many instruments require the use of glues, finishes, and other chemicals that can be harmful to the environment. These chemicals can also have a negative impact on the health of workers who handle them.

To address these concerns, some instrument makers are turning to more sustainable materials and manufacturing processes. For example, some companies are using recycled materials or alternative materials such as bamboo or carbon fiber. Others are using more environmentally friendly glues and finishes.

In addition, some instrument makers are exploring new technologies that can reduce the environmental impact of their products. For example, some companies are using 3D printing to create instruments, which can reduce the amount of material needed and minimize waste.

While these efforts are promising, there is still much work to be done to make musical instruments more sustainable. It is important for instrument makers, manufacturers, and consumers to consider the environmental impact of their products and to work together to find solutions that reduce our carbon footprint and protect our planet.

Changing Trends in Music

The musical landscape is constantly evolving, and as a result, the instruments used in music are also changing. With the rise of technology and digital music production, new instruments are being developed, and traditional instruments are being modified to keep up with the times. Here are some of the trends that are shaping the future of musical instruments:

  • Virtual Instruments: Virtual instruments are computer-based instruments that use digital technology to produce sound. They are becoming increasingly popular because they offer a wide range of sounds and can be easily edited and manipulated. Virtual instruments are also more portable and require less space than traditional instruments.
  • Augmented Instruments: Augmented instruments are traditional instruments that have been modified with technology to enhance their sound and capabilities. For example, guitars can be equipped with sensors that allow players to control effects and other sounds with their playing style. These instruments are a blend of traditional and modern technology, and they offer new possibilities for musicians.
  • Experimental Instruments: Experimental instruments are instruments that are designed to explore new sounds and musical possibilities. They are often created by artists and inventors who are looking to push the boundaries of what is possible with music. These instruments can be made from a variety of materials and can produce unique sounds that are not possible with traditional instruments.
  • Open-Source Instruments: Open-source instruments are instruments that are designed to be easily modified and customized by users. The designs of these instruments are made publicly available, allowing anyone to make changes and improvements. This approach is leading to a more collaborative and diverse range of musical instruments, as well as a greater accessibility to music creation.

Overall, the future of musical instruments is likely to be shaped by a combination of technology and creativity. As new technologies continue to emerge, musicians and instrument makers will continue to explore new possibilities and push the boundaries of what is possible with music.

Choosing the Right Instrument

Factors to Consider

When it comes to choosing the right instrument, there are several factors to consider. These factors may vary depending on the individual’s musical goals, personal preferences, and physical limitations. Here are some of the most important factors to keep in mind when selecting an instrument:

Skill Level

One of the most critical factors to consider is the skill level required to play the instrument. Some instruments, such as the violin or piano, require years of practice and dedication to master. Others, like the guitar or drums, are more accessible for beginners. It’s essential to choose an instrument that is appropriate for your current skill level to ensure that you can progress and enjoy playing it.

Musical Genre

Another factor to consider is the musical genre you want to play. Different instruments are better suited for different genres. For example, the trumpet is a popular choice for jazz and classical music, while the electric guitar is often used in rock and pop music. If you’re unsure which genre you want to play, consider experimenting with different instruments until you find one that feels right.

Physical Limitations

Physical limitations, such as hand size or reach, can also impact the choice of instrument. Some instruments, like the double bass or tuba, require a larger physical presence to play, while others, like the violin or flute, may be more suited for those with smaller hands. It’s essential to consider your physical limitations when choosing an instrument to ensure that you can play it comfortably and effectively.

Budget

Finally, budget is also an essential factor to consider when choosing an instrument. Some instruments, like the cello or grand piano, can be expensive to purchase and maintain. It’s essential to set a budget and consider the ongoing costs, such as lessons, accessories, and repairs, when choosing an instrument.

Tips for Beginners

Selecting the appropriate instrument is crucial for any beginner, as it will significantly impact their musical journey. Here are some essential tips to help beginners choose the right instrument:

1. Consider Your Musical Interests

Before choosing an instrument, it’s essential to determine your musical interests. For instance, if you’re interested in classical music, a violin or a cello might be a good choice. On the other hand, if you’re interested in rock music, a guitar or a drum set might be more suitable.

2. Determine Your Budget

Instruments can vary widely in price, and it’s essential to choose one that fits your budget. However, it’s important to remember that a higher-priced instrument doesn’t always mean it’s the best choice. It’s essential to consider the quality of the instrument, its features, and its durability before making a purchase.

3. Consult with a Music Teacher

Consulting with a music teacher is a great way to get recommendations on the best instrument for you. A music teacher can help you assess your musical interests, skill level, and budget to recommend the best instrument for you. They can also provide guidance on the best way to care for and maintain your instrument.

4. Rent Before You Buy

Renting an instrument before buying can be a great way to test it out and see if it’s the right fit for you. Many music stores offer rental options, which allow you to try out an instrument for a specified period before committing to a purchase. This can be especially helpful for beginners who may not be sure which instrument to choose.

5. Choose an Instrument That’s Easy to Play

Choosing an instrument that’s easy to play is essential for beginners. Some instruments, such as the violin or the guitar, have a steep learning curve and may be more challenging to play initially. It’s important to choose an instrument that’s easy to play and won’t discourage you from continuing to learn and improve.

Overall, choosing the right instrument is a crucial step in any beginner’s musical journey. By considering your musical interests, budget, consulting with a music teacher, renting before buying, and choosing an instrument that’s easy to play, you can ensure that you choose the best instrument for you.

Advice from Professionals

Selecting the ideal instrument can be a daunting task, especially for beginners. Fortunately, professionals in the music industry offer valuable advice to help make this decision easier. Here are some tips from the experts:

Consider Your Musical Goals

Before choosing an instrument, it’s essential to have a clear understanding of your musical goals. Are you interested in playing for personal enjoyment or aspiring to become a professional musician? Knowing your goals will help you select an instrument that best suits your needs.

Physical Comfort and Technique

It’s crucial to choose an instrument that is physically comfortable to play. Some instruments may require specific hand sizes or body postures, so it’s essential to select an instrument that you can play with ease. Additionally, consider the technique required for each instrument. Some instruments may have a steeper learning curve than others, so it’s essential to choose one that aligns with your skill level.

Instruments can vary widely in price, and it’s essential to set a budget before making a purchase. Consider the cost of the instrument, accessories, and lessons when determining your budget. Remember that a higher-priced instrument may not necessarily be the best choice for you; sometimes, a more affordable instrument can still produce high-quality sound.

Professional Advice

Consulting with a professional musician or instructor can also provide valuable insight when choosing an instrument. They can offer advice on the best instruments for your skill level, musical style, and budget. Additionally, they can help you understand the importance of maintenance and upkeep for your chosen instrument.

By considering these factors and seeking professional advice, you can make an informed decision when choosing the right instrument for your musical journey.

FAQs

1. What is an instrument?

An instrument is a tool or device used to create music. It can be something as simple as a drum or as complex as a grand piano. Instruments can be made from a variety of materials, including wood, metal, and plastic, and they can produce sound through a variety of methods, such as strings, keys, or valves.

2. What are the different types of instruments?

There are many different types of instruments, including string instruments (such as violins and cellos), woodwind instruments (such as flutes and clarinets), brass instruments (such as trumpets and trombones), percussion instruments (such as drums and cymbals), and keyboard instruments (such as pianos and organs). There are also electronic instruments, such as synthesizers and samplers, which use technology to produce sound.

3. How are instruments made?

The construction of an instrument can vary greatly depending on the type of instrument and the materials used. Some instruments, such as guitars and violins, are made by hand by skilled craftsmen. Other instruments, such as pianos and organs, are made using a combination of handcrafting and machine manufacturing. Electronic instruments are typically made using a combination of hardware and software.

4. How do instruments produce sound?

Instruments produce sound through a variety of methods. String instruments, for example, produce sound by vibrating their strings, which are plucked or strummed to create the desired pitch. Woodwind instruments produce sound by blowing air through a mouthpiece, which vibrates to create the desired pitch. Brass instruments produce sound by vibrating the lips, which create a buzzing sound that is amplified by the instrument’s tubing. Percussion instruments produce sound by striking a surface, such as a drumhead or a cymbal. Keyboard instruments produce sound by pressing keys, which trigger hammers or other mechanisms that strike strings or electronic sound generators.

5. How do I choose the right instrument to play?

Choosing the right instrument to play depends on a variety of factors, including your personal preferences, your physical abilities, and the type of music you want to play. It’s a good idea to try out a few different instruments before making a decision, and to consider the advice of a music teacher or other knowledgeable musician. Some instruments, such as pianos and organs, are more complex and require more technical skill to play, while others, such as guitars and drums, are more physically demanding and require good hand-eye coordination. Ultimately, the best instrument for you is the one that you enjoy playing and that allows you to express yourself musically.

How playing an instrument benefits your brain – Anita Collins

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